Browse our archive of original historical documents on the themes of this book:

- Founding Principles

- Slavery

- Property Rights

- Women and the Right to Vote

- Women and the Family

- Was the Founding Undemocratic? The Property Requirement for Voting

- Poverty and Welfare

- Immigration and the Moral Conditions of Citizenship

- Afterword: Liberals and Conservatives Abandon the Principles of the Founding


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Chapter 7. Immigration and the Moral Conditions of Citizenship

Information to Those Who Would Remove to America
Benjamin Franklin
September 1782
An analysis of the virtues necessary for success in America: frugality, hard work, self-restraint, self-reliance, etc.

Notes on the State of Virginia, Query 8
Thomas Jefferson
Why excessive immigration is a problem for government based on the principles of the Declaration of Independence.

First Inaugural Address
George Washington
April 30, 1789
National public policy should be based on virtue.

To the Annual Meeting of Quakers
George Washington
September 1789
Religious liberty does not exempt one from the duties of citizenship.

First Annual Message to Congress
George Washington
January 8, 1790
Two qualities are necessary for citizenship, obedience to the laws, and vigilance against threats to liberty.

To the Hebrew Congregation in Newport, Rhode Island
George Washington
August 18, 1790
Free exercise of religion is a natural right, but only on condition of performance of the duties of citizenship.

George Washington to the Vice President
November 15, 1794
The quantity of immigrants should be kept small enough to encourage assimilation.

Farewell Address (Excerpt on Religion and Morality)
George Washington
September 19, 1796
Religion and morality are necessary conditions of the preservation of free government.

The Examination, No. 7
Alexander Hamilton
Hamilton criticizes a Democratic proposal for immediate naturalization of immigrants.

Report of the Commissioners for the University of Virginia
Thomas Jefferson
August 4, 1818
Public and private education should promote the moral and intellectual qualities of citizenship.

Electric Cord Speech, Chicago, Illinois
Abraham Lincoln
July 10, 1858
Citizenship is based on the principles of the Declaration of Independence, not on ethnic or religious identity.


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